Understanding blood sugar levels
Sugar in the body provides cells with energy. The insulin hormone allows glucose to enter cells through the bloodstream. In the absence of insulin, the sugar decides to stay in the bloodstream. When sugar stays for a long, a person is said to have high sugar levels that are not good for health. In such cases, a doctor diagnoses that person at risk of diabetes. It is necessary to always have a normal blood sugar levels chart handy to keep a check on oneself.
What is a normal blood glucose level?
Healthy people who do not have diabetes tend to have normal levels of blood sugar as per the normal blood glucose level chart. Fasting sugar level plays a vital role. It helps maintain the blood sugar level under control. One must be aware of the age-wise blood sugar level chart.
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Blood Sugar Levels
|Blood Sugar Levels|
|Age||8 hours post meal (Fasting)||Before meal||2 hours post meal||Before bedtime|
|Below 6 years||80–180 mg/dL||100–180 mg/dL||180 mg/dL||110–200 mg/dL|
|6–12 years||80–180 mg/dL||90–180 mg/dL||Below 140 mg/dL||100–180 mg/dL|
|13–19 years||70–150 mg/dL||90–130 mg/dL||Below 140 mg/dL||90–150 mg/dL|
|Above 20 years||70–100 mg/dL||70–130 mg/dL||Below 180 mg/dL||100–140 mg/dL|
What causes high blood sugar?
Should you be worried about your blood sugar levels? Keep a normal blood sugar level chart handy. It is necessary to know the causes of high blood sugar so that you can fix them. There can be many reasons for high blood sugar:
- Non-production of insulin in the body: Blood sugar rises when there is no production of insulin in the body. The cells are unable to absorb sugar from the body.
- Food habits: Carbohydrates are a form of sugar that a person with diabetes finds challenging to digest. This causes high blood sugar levels.
- Stressful life: Leading a stressful life promotes high blood sugar levels. When you have stress, the body needs sugar or energy to utilise. In the process, insulin levels decrease, and glucagon and epinephrine levels increase. The body releases excessive glucose, which causes hyperglycemia.
- Hereditary: You can have high blood sugar if it already runs in the family. Despite this, due to environmental conditions, diabetes may occur. Genes have diverse functions that affect blood glucose control. This controls insulin release, speeding up the breakdown of sugar and pumping sugar into the cells.
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Consequences of high blood sugar
The consequences of higher blood sugar are an array of diseases that develop over time. Always run a fasting sugar level test to check the sugar level in blood. Conduct the test after 8–10 hours of a meal.
- Glucose remains in the bloodstream when the body does not produce insulin. It results in pushing the blood-sugar level higher.
- If diabetes goes untreated, there can be irreplaceable damage to blood vessels, organs, nerves, heart diseases, and strokes.
- Researchers state that inflammation in the liver is due to high blood sugar and increased cholesterol levels, resulting in the risk of vascular diseases. It is a dreadful scenario where you can be at risk of heart disease or heart attack, stroke, kidney damage, nerve damage, eye damage, and skin problems.
How to control blood sugar levels
It is imperative to introduce lifestyle changes to keep blood sugar levels under control. Keep an eye on the normal blood sugar levels chart weekly. Here are a few tips to control blood sugar levels:
- Eat right: You should have a balanced diet. Do not incorporate too many carbohydrates in meals. Include vegetables, legumes (beans and peas), whole grains, fruits, and low-fat dairy products. Implement portion control. Select a diet that provides a low glycemic index.
- Exercise regularly: Make a change to that sedentary lifestyle. Get up from your desk every 30 minutes and take a stroll. You can do daily chores around the house that will increase the body’s insulin sensitivity and lower blood sugar levels. Start sports activities such as swimming, jogging, squash, football, Aerobics, and Zumba, where you can sweat out. It will help control sugar levels. You can include Yoga too.
- Manage stress levels: Minimise your stress so that hormones known as glucagon and cortisol or blood sugar levels rise.
- Take regular doses of medicine: It is advisable to keep the dosage of your medications stable. Follow the doctor’s prescription.
Summing up on Blood Sugar Levels
Keeping an eye on blood sugar levels is essential in the current professional environment. It is easy to check glucose levels with handy kits available at any pharmacy. Whether or not one is diabetic, keeping a tab on your blood sugar levels is vital. The fasting sugar level plays a decisive role when visiting the doctor. Normal blood sugar levels depend on the level of HbA1c and Hemoglobin A1c. Doctors will set the blood sugar level target for people with diabetes accordingly, and for those who do not have diabetes, the range of blood sugar levels should be within the chart levels. It is imperative to keep sugar levels under control, as the repercussions of high sugar levels have fatal outcomes. People with diabetes have a constant high HbA1c and require attention, medication, and lifestyle changes to reverse these levels. Check your blood sugar levels for a reality check, and stay healthy.